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About this collection

Collections of National Bureau of Standards and the National Institute of Standards and Technology research divisions, offices, and programs.

Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology (CARB)

In 1984 the Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology (CARB) was a joint venture involving NBS, the University of Maryland, and Montgomery County, Maryland. Acting NIST Director Raymond G. Kammer helped dedicate the first building on the site of the new CARB laboratories on November 29, 1989.

JILA (Boulder)

In the early 1960s, with the development of space science brought about by rocket and satellite capabilities, and by research in thermonuclear power, interest in the behavior of very hot gases and plasmas had grown substantially. However, the relevant fields of physics were poorly understood. As a result, progress was being held up in the fields of space exploration and astrophysics, thermonuclear power and plasma physics, rocket re-entry problems, ultra-high temperature research, and atmospheric research. Precise measurement techniques, standards, and basic data on the fundamental properties of the hot gas or plasma were deficient. The Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA) on the University of Colorado campus in Boulder, CO, was formed to emphasize research in these areas. 

Malcolm Baldrige Portrait File

The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award was named after the late Secretary of Commerce Malcolm Baldrige, who died in 1987. Friends of Baidrige in Congress, seeking an apt memorial, gave his name to a award for industrial excellence. Today the Baldrige Program oversees the nation's only Presidential award for performance excellence while offering a wide array of award-winning products and services. This collection includes photographs of winners and events of the award. 

Metallurgy Division

This collection consists of images and a publication related to the following NIST Archives collections: Aluminum from Clay, Studies of Metal Fatigue, Metallurgy Division, Metallurgy Research, Metallurgy Plating, and Prosthesis. The Metallurgy Division was established in 1913 for the purpose of testing railroad materials and technology. The division performed a great deal of research during World War I and World War II, and in the 1950s began to focus on metal physics rather than traditional metallurgy. It has performed research in the chemical, physical, mechanical, and structural properties of metals, in particular fatigue and creep, as well as tensile and impact properties, corrosion, engineering metallurgy, alloy physics, lattice defects and microstructure, and electrolysis and metal deposition. Since the reorganization of the Material Measurement Laboratory in 2012, the metallurgy program has been part of the Materials Science and Engineering Division. 

Physics Division

Photographs of Physics Division research, staff, and events.

Photometry and Colorimetry Section

Photographs from the Photometry and Colorimetry Section, Metrology Division, showing NBS work in spectrophotometry and colorimetry in the laboratory of Harry J. Keegan and John C. Schleter.

Polymers Division

This collection contains images and publications related to the following NIST Archives collections: Dental Research, Plastics Research, and Rubber Research. The Polymers Division was established in 1962 from what had been the Organic and Fibrous Materials Division. By 1964, its principal research focus had moved from products formed by natural polymers to synthetic polymers. Research areas included crystallization phenomena, solution properties for the preparation of molecular weight-standards, adsorption and the study of polymers at surfaces, and polymer degradation. Since its inception, major research areas of the Polymers Division have included: polymer crystallization, polymer physical and chemical properties, dental materials, and measurement techniques. Since the reorganization of the Material Measurement Laboratory in 2012, polymers research primarily resides in two divisions, the Materials Science and Engineering Division (MSED) and the Biosystems and Biomaterials Division.


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